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Masakra e gjeneralit Zerva ndaj popullsisë Çame ne Greqi

Kur nisi barbarizmi grek ndaj popullsisë çame? Si konsiderohej çame prej politikës greke? Cili ishte reagimi i Fuqive të Mëdha, kur Greqia përzuri nga trojet shqiptare mbi 80 mijë shqiptarë, ku një pjesë i dërgoi në Turqi, të tjerë i shpërndau nëpër ishujt e vdekjes, duke u mohuar së bashku me emrin shqiptar, të cilin çamët shqiptarë u kishin rezistuar katër perandorive të egra? Traktati Shqipëri-Greqi i 1926-ës nuk shpuri në mbrojtjen e të drejtave dhe të lirive të popullsisë çame nga ana e Greqisë.

Me ardhjen e fashistëve në pushtet në Greqi, më 1936-ën, klika e e keqësoi më shumë gjendjen e çamëve. Cili ishte preteksti i grekëve kundrejt Shqipërisë në lidhje me pushtimin fashist? Masakra e gjeneralit të famshëm grek mbi çamët.

Si reaguan organizmat ndërkombëtarë ndaj kërkesës së vazhdueshme të Komitetit Çlirimtar të Çamërisë për spastrimet greke?

Shovinizmi grek, qe kishte per ideologji te gllaberimit Megaloidene e aventurierit Jan Katalisis, ne ndertimin e politikes se fqinjesise, do tregohej edhe i pabese, edhe mosmirenjohes ndaj rolit te shqiptareve te Jugut. Mosmirenjohja helene do te kalonte edhe ne urrejtje, egersia e se ciles do te shfaqej qysh se fitoi revolucioni i 1821-shit. , veçanerisht ata çame, qe ishin me afer, vune ne ballin e luftes per çlirimin e Greqise nga pushtuesit osmane, prijesat e pavdekshem Zguraj e Vranaj, Basharet e Pjeter Buajt, Kladet e Kolokotronet, Alisa Peletheu e Mitesh, Manol Bloshi dhe Andriucio, Andrea Verushi e deri tek Ali Pasha, por do quheshin te pavlere, ose do pervetesoheshin si luftetare greke. Edhe pse ndodhte keshtu, eshte fakt se e mesit te Shqiperise dhe çame, e ndezen me shume luften çlirimtare te Greqise dhe heroizmi shqiptar shkelqeu, ku nga 100 heronjte qe linden nga revolucioni grek, 90 ishin shqiptare, qe luftuan si miq te popullit grek, se shtypeshin nga i njejti pushtues dhe, liria e njerit popull, shpejt do te behej shembull edhe per tjetrin. Por greku, ndaj heroizmit shqiptar per çlirimin e Greqise, nuk e shfaqi asnjehere miqesine, mirenjohjen.

Me mohimin e te shqiptareve, qe u derdh ne token greke, shovinizmi pergatitej per gllaberimin e territoreve etnike shqiptare, ku gjuhen, fustanellen, besen, krenarine ia kishin njohur shekujt e panumert.

Egersia barbare, me e pameshirshmja e heleneve, do derdhej mbi popullsine e pambrojtur shqiptare te Çamerise. Pastaj mbi tere territoret e banuara nga shqiptaret etnike. Nga 1830-1838, viktima e pare u be popullsia shqiptare, qe banonte ne ishujt Joniane, ku Rusia, Anglia, Franca e detyruan Turqine t’ia leshonte Greqise tere ishujt Joniane. Me vone, ne vitet 1863, 1913 u rrembyen toka te tjera, ku banoheshin nga shqiptaret, duke perfshire Ambrakine, Kosturin, Pindin, Konicen, qe eshte viktima e dyte e shqiptareve per nga barbaria e shovinizmit grek. Ndersa me 1913, greku pushtoi tere Çamerine dhe e ktheu ne nje çiflik te andarteve. Çameria eshte viktima e trete e barbarise greke dhe, deri diku, plotesohet mbi gjysma e planit te Megaloidese. Greqia, sa e pushtoi Çamerine dhe e vendosi brenda kufijve, qe caktuan te medhenjte, çamet i ktheu ne skllever, pa asnje te drejte. Por shovinizmi perseri nuk ishte i qete. Popullsine çame e quante si nje mine me plasje te ngadalte. Se Greqia nuk i trembej aq popullsise çame; gati 120 mije, sa tre milione arvanitasve shqiptare, qe u kishte mohuar me kohe te drejten, lirine, gjuhen, shkollimin shqip dhe kombesine shqiptare. Shovinizmi ortodoks mesjetar grek, bente planet per pastrim total etnik. Ne Greqi te mos ngelej asnje mysliman, duke i perzene per ne Turqi dhe Shqiperi, ndersa nje pjese tjeter i dergonte neper ishujt e Egjeut. Ata qe do ngeleshin do nderronin edhe fene, edhe kombesine.

Nga viti 1913-1922, kohe ne te cilen Shqiperise se copetuar ne pese shtete i kishte munguar shteti i konsoliduar, Greqia vazhdoi te bente pastrimin etnik te shqiptareve. Fuqite e Medha heshtën kur Greqia perzuri nga trojet shqiptare mbi 80 mije shqiptare, ku nje pjese i dergoi ne Turqi, te tjere i shperndau neper ishujt e vdekjes, duke u mohuar se bashku me emrin shqiptar, te cilin çamet shqiptare u kishin rezistuar kater perandorive te egra.

Me krijimin e konsolidimin e shtetit shqiptar, i cili perfaqesonte ate territor, qe i lane Shqiperise Fuqite e Medha dhe shovinistet, domethene 28 mije kilometra katrore nga 96 mije kilometra katrore gjithsej, prape se prape, popullsia shqiptare tej kufijve nuk u gjend e braktisur nga shteti ame. Qysh me 1926, qeveria shqiptare ben deklaraten: “Procesi i shkembimit te popullsise ka perfunduar. Tani e tutje, çamet do kene te drejtat qe gezojne qytetaret greke!”. Kjo binte ndesh me politiken e ortodoksise shoviniste greke.

Traktati Shqiperi-Greqi i 1926 nuk shpuri ne mbrojtjen e te drejtave dhe te lirive te popullsise çame nga ana e Greqise. Ne mars te 1928, Ministria e Jashtme shqiptare, me ane te nje , qe i drejtoi te ngarkuarit grek me pune ne Tirane, me fakte tregohej shqetesimi i Tiranes per padrejtesite dhe shtypjen, qe i behej popullsise shqiptare te Çamerise nga vete autoritetet qeveritare greke dhe nuk u jepte asnje te drejte, si pakice kombetare. Qeveria greke, jo vetem qe e hodhi poshte protesten shqiptare, por e akuzoi qeverine shqiptare se nderhynte ne punet e brendshme dhe se çamet, sipas grekerve, ishin qytetare greke ne token greke dhe se Shqiperia po shperfillte te drejten sovrane te Greqise.

Me ardhjen e fashisteve ne pushtet ne Greqi, më 1936, klika e Metaksait e keqesoi me shume gjendjen e çameve. Me urdher te vete Metaksait, zona çame u kolonizua. Shume prona te medha te çameve u konfiskuan. Masakrimi mbi çamet nisi me egersi dhe nuk ndalej. Lidhja e kombeve, shtetet “demokratike” e dinin shtypjen qe u behej çameve ne vatrat e tyre, po asnje nuk shqetesohej.

amet nuk ishin kolaboracioniste

Sulmi i Italise fashiste mbi Greqine, u perdor si pretekst ndaj shqiptareve dhe ata, viktima e pare e fashizmit, do quheshin “agresore” ndaj Greqise?! Egersia greke nuk u ndez ndaj vete agresorit, por ndaj shqiptareve, qe ishin te sulmuar. Pas kesaj lufte, Greqia do te kishte edhe gurin, edhe arren. Do vendoste ligjin e luftes dhe do thuhej: “Greqia ishte sulmuar nga Shqiperia dhe jo nga Italia”. Ky ligj i hilese dhe i paarsyes do vinte edhe kushtin tjeter: “Ligji do qendronte per aq kohe sa te harrohej çeshtja çame dhe te vendosej kufiri i Verio Epirit ne Shkumbin!”.

Ne kohen e te Shqiperise nga Italia fashiste, midis qeverise shqiptare (regjences), gjermaneve dhe italianeve, u lidh marreveshja e bashkimit etnik te Shqiperise. Kjo marreveshje ishte si nje kundervenie dhe ne diplomaci e gjermaneve dhe italianeve ndaj Frances dhe Anglise, se “ato kishin marre vendimin e copetimit te Shqiperise” dhe per ta terhequr pas Shqiperine. Pavaresisht ne ç’kushte dhe me cilet lidhej marreveshja, Italia dhe Gjermania ishin superfuqi te luftes dhe endrra e shqiptareve u realizua. U be bashkimi etnik i tere kombit, nga viti 1941-1944 u krijua administrata shqiptare, ne tere trojet shqiptare ne Ballkan. Shqiperia nuk mori asnje therrime me teper nga ç’i kishin marre shovenet. Gjermanet dhe italianet, pavaresisht se ishin kundershtaret e koalicionit, shqiptareve u dhane ate qe u ishte marre padrejtesisht. E verteta eshte se edhe pas kesaj, çamet u bashkuan me qeverine e Tiranes (Regjencen), qe pranoi bashkimin etnik dhe kundershtoi pushtimin italian, por shqiptaret çame nuk besonin shume te regjenca, te ky bashkim.

Çamet nuk ishin kalaboracioniste ne sherbim te armikut te perbashket, pushtuesve nazi-fashiste, por kreret shoviniste greke ishin kolaboracioniste. Per kete ka fakte historike, qe nuk fshihen dot nga greket. Greket shoviniste, qe akuzojne shqiptaret çame, se ishin bashkepunetore te pushtuesve, kolaboracioniste, nuk qendron. Eshte nje shpifje e ulet e vete kolaboracionisteve greke, te cilet, qenien e tyre te tille e kane te dokumentuar. Ne muajin maj 1941, ne Greqine e pushtuar, u krijua qeveria e pare kuislinge, ne krye te se ciles u vu gjenerali Çollakoglli. Ky gjeneral, pasi mori kryesimin e forcave pushtuese; menjehere nxori qarkoren, qe u bente thirrje turmave te çmobilizuara te shkonin ne kazerma, te visheshin, te armatoseshin dhe te qendronin perkrah forcave gjermane. Keto te verteta per kolaboracionistet shkruheshin edhe ne gazetat “Vima” dhe ”Proia”. Pas nje viti, pra ne maj 1942, per ta forcuar me tej bashkepunimin me pushtuesin gjerman, u formua qeveria qe kish per kryetar Ralin. Kjo qeveri ra ne ujdi me gjermanet dhe menjehere krijoi forcat e armatosura, te perbera nga tre divizione, me nje efektiv qe e kalonte 30-mijeshin. Keto trupa i komandonin gjeneralet kolaboracioniste: Bakos, Kocimitos, Llogothetopulos, Raftis, Zerva etj. Nderkohe keta gjenerale kishin rene ne ujdi qe, me gjermanet te shuanin çdo shkendije per liri e demokraci. Egersia e ketyre gjeneraleve, ndizej nga idete e prifterinjve shovene: Shen Kozmo, Kotoko, Evllogji, Kurilla, etj., dhe frymezoheshin nga ata qe drejtonin ortodoksine: Sarafim, Sebastiano, Janullatos etj., egersi e cila do shfrente mbi forcat perparimtare demokratike, qe perfaqesoheshin nga EAM-i dhe mbi shqiptaret çame te pambrojtur.

Me keto fakte, hidhen poshte akuzat dhe shpifjet helene dhe te gjeneraleve te tjere andarte, se çamet ishin bashkepunetore te pushtuesve gjermane.

Masakra e gjeneralit grek mbi çamët

Ky ishte amaneti i shovinistit perbindesh ndaj shqiptareve, gjeneralit kolaboracionist Japolan Zerves. Ne pragvdekjen e tij, antishqiptari i terbuar thote: “Vdes i qete se bera ate qe doja. Pas lashe rreke gjaku, tym, bloze, germadhe; ulurima femijesh, nuse dhe gra nudo, qe futeshin ne furrat e ndezura, qe te mos pillnin me shqiptare… burra te varur, shpuar me bajonete, gjuha shqipe nuk do te flitet me ne token helene. Kjo me kenaq mua, ashtu siç kenaq tere shpirtrat helene!”.

Zerva dhe gjeneralet e tjere ishin leshuar si bisha mbi shqiptaret çame te pambrojtur. Si qeverite kolaboracioniste, edhe ato qe vazhduan pas ikjes se gjeneraleve, po me ata ministra e gjenerale, pjella te ortodoksise shovene, kishin marre urdher qe popullsia çame prej 30-35 mije banoresh ta asgjesonin.

Nder perfaqesuesit e aleateve, koloneli Kris Voodhanse, shef i misionit ushtarak aleat, deklaronte: ”Me inkurajimin e misionit ushtarak aleat, qe une drejtoja, Zerva deboi çamet nga shtepite e tyre!”.

i eger grek nisi me 27 qershor l944. Ushtaret e Zerves rrenonin gjithçka qe gjenin perpara… popullsia e Parathimise u kap ne befasi dhe nuk gjeti dot mjete mbrojtese. Barbaret e Zerves hyne naten ne qytet dhe 673 burra, gra, femije, ne Filat l286, ne Igumenice l92, ne Prage 620. Zervistet rrafshuan mbi 5800 shtepi ne 68 fshatra. Qindra fshatra te tjera u shkretuan. Pronareve te bagetive ju grabiten l20 mije dhen, 24 mije nje thundrake, l8 mije kuaj. Nga hambaret e fshatareve te pasur çame u rrembyen 250 mije kv grure etj…

Pas grabitjes dhe genocidit, misionit aleat sikur i “erdhi keq” per tragjedine mbi shqiptaret çame. Dhe, kjo “keqardhje” u ndez, kur çamet nga mosha 15-70 vjeç, te ngelur aty-ketu, kapeshin nga greku dhe internoheshin ne ishujt e Egjeut dhe i masakronin. Kur shefi i misionit amerikan ne Shqiperi, 1945-1946, pa këto barbari u shpreh: “Ne mars 1945, njesi te forcave te shperndara te Zervasit, kryen nje masaker ndaj çameve ne zonen e Filatit dhe, praktikisht e pastruan ate nga shqiptaret çame!”.

Perveç debimit nga vatrat e te pareve, ajo do shkundte nga themeli edhe kulturen çame, do mohonte edhe historine, besimin fetar mysliman. Dhe menjehere u dha urdhri per djegien e 102 xhamive, 28 teqeve, mijera tybeve dhe vakefeve. Kur u siguruan se ishte debuar edhe kemba e e çameve, barbaria helene do nxirrte ligjin absurd. Sipas këtij ligji, çamet nuk do ktheheshin më dhe pronat e tyre ua ndane koloneve. Ndërsa ndaj çameve te mbetur ne Greqi, si ata ortodokse e myslimane, ligji antinjerezor i 1945 ua mohonte identitetin kombetar shqiptar. Nga shqiptar qe ishin, do ktheheshin ne grek dhe “pranonin” kombesine helene.

Greqise i duhej medomosdo te ndryshonte perberjen demografike te krahinave çame veri-perendim, sepse u trembej shume arvanitasve dhe shume çameve te mbetur ose te kthyer ne ortodokse dhe “greke” me force.

Ardhja e shqiptareve çame ne Shqiperi dhe heshtja e nderkombetareve.

Shqiptaret çame, qe i shpetuan barbarise greke, më të shumtët erdhen ne truallin ame. Shqiptaret hapen shtepite per viktimat e barbarise. U hapen edhe dyert e shkollave per femijet e humbur. Per t’u njohur padrejtesia e madhe, kreret çame dhe qeverite, perfshi edhe ate shqiptare, paditen barbarinë greke dhe iu be e njohur edhe organizmave nderkombetare. Padrejtesia ndaj çameve u shtrua edhe ne Konferencen e Paqes ne Paris, me 1946. Por nuk u arrit që te pranohej krimi i madh njerezor: gjenocidi grek mbi popullsinë çame. Doli qe shume nga shtetet mike te Greqise, te cilat i kishin rrembyer me force 23 mije kilometra katrore te Shqiperise dhe ia kishin dhene grekut, ne fillim u hoqen sikur u pelciste zemra nga dhimbja per çamet martire dhe, per te mos u shfaqur si mbrojtes te hapur te padrejtesive, qe kish bere greku; u ngriten doren dhe thane me gjysme zeri: “Çamet e perzene te kthehen ne vendin e tyre!”. Po kjo ishte vetem demagogji. Qe çamet te ktheheshin ne trojet e te pareve, qe t’u kthehej pasuria e grabitur, do te thoshte te paditej mikja e tyre per krimet barbare. Te pranonte egersine qe kish shfaqur dhe te pergjigjej per gati 3000 te masakruarit, demet e shkaktuar, rrembimet e pallogaritura. Po qysh te nesermen e u pa demagogjia politike.

Shtetet e medha qe ngriten doren, harruan ç’thane, sepse ata nuk kembengulen te zbatohej vendimi qe moren dhe te perbuzej genjeshtra e kolaboracionisteve helene qe akuzonin çamet si te tille.

Megjithese Konferenca e Parisit deshtoi dhe iu shmang denimit te padrejtesise greke, çamet nuk i hodhen armet, per te gjetur perkrahes dhe per ta nderkombetarizuar tragjedine e luajtur mbi ta. Ata s’e kishin humbur shpresen per t’u rikthyer ne pragjet e te pareve.

Per ta intensifikuar nderkombetarizimin e çeshtjes çame ne vjeshten e vitit 1944, ne Konispol organizohet kongresi i pare çam, i cili u drejtohet perfaqesuesve te misioneve aleate, shteteve asnjeanese, B.Sovjetik që ta ndihmonin popullin shqiptar te çamerise dhe te njihej padrejtesia e bere ndaj tij. Jo shume kohe pas ketij kongresi, nje grup çamësh shkoi ne Athine, qe te kundershtonte genocidin kolektiv ndaj shqiptareve te Çamerise dhe te gjendej nje gjuhe, qe te mbeshtetej te arsyeja. Po qeveria e ardhur ne pushtet e George Papandreut, nuk mori asnjë mase kundër genocidit edhe pse perfaqesuesit çame i thane ta ndalnin dhunen greke, t’i njihte te drejtat e çameve dhe te urdheronte te ktheheshin ne shtepite e tyre, gjithe perzenet. Dilte se terrorizmin nuk e kishte organizuar nje gjeneral i çmendur, por ishte ne planin e shovinizmit, qe e udhehiqte dhe e drejtonte kisha ortodokse greke. Meqe deshtoi dhe kjo orvatje, çamet ne Shqiperi nuk e ndalen luften e tyre per liri e te drejta, megjithese ndihmen e qeverise komuniste, qe varej nga sllavet, nuk e kishte aq te plote. Iu dergua leter bashkimit Kombetar Grek, komandes aleate ne Mesdhe dhe Komitetit Qendror te FKC (EAM).

As delegacioni qe shkoi ne Athine, as letrat nuk u moren parasysh. Madje ne takimin verbal dhe ne leter pergjigjet, nuk u shfaq urtesia, po arroganca, poshterimi grek.

Komiteti i Çlirimit te Çamerise perserit letrat dhe ua ridergon misioneve ushtarake te B.S., Britanise se Madhe, SHBA, Frances, dhe legates Jugosllave ne Tirane. Ky komitet qe te rendonte pergjegjesia ndaj bashkekombasve, nuk la te qete as konferencen e ministrave te jashtem te fuqive aleate ne Londer me 1945, as Ansamblene e Pergjithshme te OKB te 25 tetorit 1946. Ne kerkesat e tyre, çamet shpjegonin se ishin popullsia me e persekutuar e shekullit 20-te, madje edhe e Luftes se Dyte.

“Ne po shohim se edhe Organizata e Kombeve te Bashkuara, nuk po na e degjon zerin, nuk na perfill ne kerkesat tona”. Dhe vertete, ajo nen presionin e ortodoksise, ku ajo greke ishte e madhe, nuk po i vinte ne levizje fuqite e saj, e ta detyronte nje shtet shoven: ta ndalte barbarine dhe te pranonte ti njihte te drejtat popullsise qe kish persekutuar.

Duke iu drejtuar sërish organizmave te larta nderkombetare komiteti i Çamërisë thekson: “Ne protestojme dhe sjellim ne mendjen e Komisionit Hetimor te KSOKB, tragjedine e luajtur ne Çameri, si dhe veprimtarine e shovenisteve, qe synon ne zhdukjen e popullit shqiptar te Çamerise. Ne theksojme nje zgjidhje urgjente të problemit çam, siç mund te pranohet. 1. Te ndalet vendosja e koloneve ne tokat tona autoktone. 2. Te riatdhesohen tere çamet. 3. Te behet kthimi i tokave tona, vleresimi i demit me pare ne dore. 4. Te jepet ndihme per te rindertuar shtepite e prishura. 5. Mbrojtjen dhe garancine popullsise qe rrjedh ne traktatet nderkombetare. 6. Te gjykohen e denohen tere pergjegjesite e krimit, qe kane kryer kunder çameve!”. Meqe te medhenjte ne OKB, nuk donin t’ia prishnin te perkedhelures se tyre, hoqen dore nga lufta per rikthimin e çameve ne trojet e tyre, duke i ngushelluar me disa ndihma. Keshtu nga viti 1945-1947, Shqiperia mori 26 milione dollare ndihma per çamet. Ndihmat ishin ne mallra, materiale e pajisje. Ndërsa per refugjatet direkt u dhane vetem 1.2 milione dollare. Por lufta qe ata bene per nderkombetarizimin e Çamerise erdhi ne ftohje. Shteti shqiptar dhe ai grek, benin pjese ne dy kampe te kundert. Propaganda komuniste thoshte shume gjera te paverteta, madje arrinte te “argumentonte”, borgjezia nuk i mbronte interesat, lirite dhe te drejtat e popujve. Tani edhe kreret çame u vune ne trysnine e propagandes komuniste. Duhej te benin siç u thonin shefat shqiptare. Kreret komuniste i kercenonin çamet dhe u thonin se dy kampet ishin ne lufte dhe çeshtja çame, gati ishte mbyllur edhe per kampin borgjez edhe per ate komunist. Ne te vertete acarimi midis dy shteteve ishte keqesuar, kur Greqia shtypte forcat e EAM-it dhe komunistet shqiptare u jepnin arme dhe ushqime, duke e harruar Çamerine.

Shqiptareve çame ju dha nenshtetesia shqiptare qe te heshtnin pergjithmone

Pas viteve 1953, kur Hoxha hoqi nenshtetesine greke dhe u dha çameve nenshtetesine shqiptare, erdhi edhe faza e heshtjes se çameve. Te mos flisnin, te mos kerkonin, se zemeronin grekun edhe punet e tyre tani e tutje, ishin ne doren e partise.

Kur P.P do u mohonte shqiptareve çame nenshtetesine greke dhe ne kundershtim me deshiren e tyre, do t’u jepnin ate shqiptare dhe ata, si edhe shqiptaret do humbnin çdo liri, doli dekreti famekeq i Hoxhes: “Dekret numer 1654, date 19 prill 1953 mbi dhenien e nenshtetesise shqiptare çameve qe banojne ne Republiken e Shqiperise!”. Nuk u permendej emri shqiptar, që do te thoshte se nuk ishin as te tille dhe ç’kombesi kishin. Ne dekretin komunist nuk permendej asgje nga e kaluara.

Per heqjen e nenshtetesise greke te shqiptareve çame e dhenien e asaj shqiptareve, jane bere shume pyetje, qe nuk kane marre pergjigje. Nenshtetesia shqiptare u dha nga frika, qe ne fushen diplomatike te mos kishte me asnje kontakt me grekët. Shqiptaret çame, duke marre nenshtetesine shqiptare, detyroheshin te mbyllnin gojen dhe te heshtnin pergjithmone.

Se dyti, komunistet mund te benin ç’te donin me interesat e shqiptareve, se ndaj kombit ishin te papergjegjshem. Patriotizmin shqiptar e kishin mohuar, duke e zevendesuar me internacionalizmin pushtues, nenshtrimin ndaj ideologjise se diktatures.

Vetëm shteti demokratik kerkoi qe shqiptaret çame te ktheheshin ne pronat e tyre. Presidenti i pare shqiptar, demokrati Sali Berisha, nxori dekretin dhe perkujtoi tragjedine e shqiptareve çame, duke i quajtur ata muhaxhiret me te perbuzur nga komunizmi shqiptar, por edhe nga te medhenjte e botes. Dekreti i Presidentit Sali Berisha, nr.7835, date 26.06.1994 thote: “Dekretoj shpalljen e 27 qershorit kalendarin kombetar, dita e genocidit ndaj shqiptareve te Çamerise nga shovinizmi grek dhe ngritjen e nje memoriali ne Konispol!”.

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Nje Koment per “Masakra e gjeneralit Zerva ndaj popullsisë Çame ne Greqi”

  1. Isuf B.Bajrami #

    Isuf B.Bajrami
    M E M O R A N D U M
    OF THE ANTI-FASCIST COMMITTEE OF THE CHAMI IMMIGRANTS IN ALBANIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL INVESTIGATION COMMISSION ON THE TREATMENT OF THE CHAM ALBANIAN MINORITY IN GREECE AND THE MASSACRE AGAINST IT
    We, the Anti-fascist Committee of the Chams immigrants in Albania, believing in the democratic and humanitarian principles of the United Nations Organization, on behalf of the Chams immigrants in Albania, submit to the Investigation Commission our lost rights, our suppression, persecution and massacres at the hands of the Greek fascists to exterminate the Albanian minority in Greece. In continuation of our protests and demands addressed to the Great Allies and the United Nations, we demand justice in connection with the following:
    For 32 years on and while brutally trampling upon every human principle and neglecting international treaties, the Greek chauvinistic and reactionary cliques have resorted to a policy of extermination against the Albanian minority in Greece. As early as the Greek occupation of the Chameria on the 23rd of February 1913, the Deli Janaqi’s band, aided and abetted by the state authorities, massacred 72 men of the Paramithia province at Selani’s Creek without any reason at all. The massacre marked the beginning of the process of extermination of the Albanian minority and helped uncover the orientation of the Greek policy towards our population.
    Persecution, imprisonment, deportation, tortures, plunder and looting on the pretext of search for arms during the years 1914-1921, the terrorist activities of the komitadjis, the Gen. Bairas provocation in 1921, all of these go to testify to the reality of misery that befell our population in the time of Greek occupation. Koska, Lopsi, Varfanji, Karbunari, Kardhiqi, Paramithia, Margëllëç, Arpica, Grykohor, etc., are just some of the villages that paid dearly because of terror. In the years 1922-1923, the rulers of Greece decided to impose the displacement of the Muslim element of Chameria in exchange for the Greeks of Asia Minor considering them to be Turks. This ignominious act of the Athens rulers met our resistance and the intervention of the League of Nations which, having observed the Albanian ethnicity of our population, rejected the decision of the Greek government.
    Despite the interference of the League of Nations and the solemn pledges taken by the Greek government at Lausanne on the 16th of January,1923,the Athens rulers continued their policy of extermination. They had recourse to any means available to render as difficult as possible the stay of the Albanian element in Chameria, expropriated hundreds of families in Dushk, Gumenica, Kardhiqi, Karbunar etc., robbing them of 6000 hectares of land without remunerating them in the least. The Athens government settled immigrants from Asia Minor in Chameria in order to populate it with Greeks and create the conditions for the Albanian native population to emigrate. Entire families were compelled to tear themselves away from their native land and leave for Turkey, Albania, America and elsewhere; such villages as Petrovica and Shendellinja were completely emptied of Albanian inhabitants.
    In the circumstances, we did not enjoy a single national right and were denied even the use for our mother tongue. In stead of developing our national culture and making progress, fanaticism and ignorance were supported; instead of schools, religious, Arabic language clubs were opened and subsidized. Ninety five percent of our population is still illiterate. The Chameria province, a rich and fertile place, remained backward, deprived of economic development and communications; it was in the hands of such usurers and speculators as the Kochonis, Pituls, Kufallas,Zhullas, Ringas, etc., who impoverished and enslaved the entire province.
    During the struggle against fascism, when the war was ending, the reactionary monarch-fascist forces of Suli’s Llaka, which were created by reaction and served the occupiers, under the command of general Napoleon Zerva, perfidiously cracked down on and massacred the Albanian Muslim inhabitants of Chameria. At a time when the ELAS troops and our forces were engaged in the fight against the Germans, the EOEA command, hand in glove with the Germans, was trying to gain ground in the fratricidal war. When our forces true to the spirit and decisions of the Sarafis-Zervas Caserta agreement in August 1944 were carrying out the orders of the Joint Command in pursuit of the Germans, general Napoleon Zervas, commander of the resistance forces in Epirus (ELAS-EOEA), ordered that operations and massacre carried out against the innocent population of Chameria.
    The massacres in Chameria are a flagrant violation of human principles and an ignominious neglect of the principles and character of the anti-fascist war. The massacres in Chameria were perpetrated owing to cooperation and agreement with the Germans, who left the province to the Zervas forces at the time of their retreat. Here is a concrete fact of the cooperation that existed between the Zervas forces and the German forces: “The Zervist commander of the forces of the Filat region, Theodhori Vito, the day before the entry of the Zerva forces into Filat, on Septembar 22,1944, at the village of Fanaromen, 3 kilometers from Filat, had a meeting with the commander of retreating German forces”. After the meeting, no sooner had the German forces left than Theodhoros Vito’s forces entered Filat. Such collaboration made the Zerva forces feel safe on the flanks enabling them to unleash terror and massacres on a large scale all over the Chameria province.
    The forces of the EOEA Division X under the command of colonel Vasil Kamaras, precisely the forces of the 16th regiment of the Division commanded by Kranjaj who was assisted by Lefter Strugar, lawyer Stavropullos, Ballumi, Zoto, the diehard criminals, the Pantazeits, entered the town of Paramithia on a 27th of June, 1944. Contrary to the promises given and the agreement reached between the mufti Hasan Abdulla on the one hand and Shapera with Paramithia’s bishop as Zervas’agents on the other, the most atrocious massacres started. Defenseless old men and women and children were the target of the Greek monarch-fascists. The number of those massacred in the town of Paramithia and suburbs rose to 600. On July 28, 1944, the forces of regiment 44 under Agore’s command marched into Parga where they massacred 52 men, women and children.
    The EOEA forces under the command of Theodhor Vitos, Ilia Kacho, Hristo Mavrudhi, Hristo Kacho, Hari Dhiamanti and others entered the town of Filat in the early hours of Saturday ,the 23rd of September 1944 after they had besieged it. They had entered Spatar too on the same day. They looted all the families and took with them whatever they could find. On the evening of September 23, dawning of September 24, 1944, the forces commanded by Kranjaj, Strugari and others joined in. The arrival of these forces was the signal for the commencement of the massacre. Forty seven men, women and children were massacred in Filat, while in Spatar, part of whose population had found shelter in other villages, the number of the massacred people was 157. All the young women and girls were ill-treated and raped by Zervas’ criminals. A few days later, the monarch-fascists rounded up all the men who were still alive and by decision of a trial presided over by Koqinja, chairman, Stavropulolos, pr osecutor and four members, 47 innocent Albanians were massacred. In Granica, Filat people killed by fire arms or stabbed to death were buried, whereas another 45 others were buried in Xhelo Meto’s field in the Filat plain.
    Entire families, parents, children and babies, were wiped out. Women and girls were raped. Hundreds of statements made by those who escaped, describe the massacre and the sufferings which shed light on the crimes and designs of the monarch-fascists in Chameria. Here are a few examples: Sanije Bollati in Paramithia was burned with petrol after her breasts were cut off and her eyes put out. Ymer Murati was killed and then mutilated in Paramithia. Chili Popova from Popova wearing army uniform together with a squad of soldiers broke into Sulo Tari’s home where more than 40 women had taken refuge, carried off the prettiest women and girls by force into another room where they forced sexual intercourse on them. The house resounded with the cries of pain and horror of the women in torment during all the night. Seri Fejzo, Fizret Sulo Tare and others were the target of the crime.
    Hilmi Beqiri from Filat was wounded in front of his family. After those who wounded him, had left, his family took him to the dentist Mavrudhiu who kept him for a few hours, the he asked to take him away. Those who took him to Stavro Muhaxhiri, left for Shuaip Meta’s home where many families had gathered. The Greek andarts learned where he had been hidden, tore him away from the others, pulled out his gold teeth with pincers and shot him dead afterwards. Malo Muho, 80 years old, who had been sick for four years, was killed with a shovel in front of his wife. His wife collected his brains which had fallen on her lap and covered him with a quilt. At Spatar, Abdul Nurçe was taken away, brought to Filat barefooted, dragged on the streets of the town and then was shot in front of Nidh Tafeq’s home. Lile Rustem’s family consisting of 16 people, mainly children, was completely exterminated. Xhelal Mini from Paramithia was beheaded with bayonets on V:F7 the dead body of Myfti Hasan Abdulla. Sali Muhadini, Abedin Bako, Muharrem Pronja and Malo Sejdi had their fingres, noses, tongues and feet cut off. As they were suffering from extreme pain, Zerva’s andarts were singing their commander’s song and rejoicing at the sight. Finally, they hanged them on the butcher’s hooks.
    Estref Himi, a resident of Paramithia, has to say about the massacre at Paramithia: “On Tuesday, June 27, 1944, at 07:00, Greek monarch-fascist marched into Paramithia under the command of colonel Kamara, major Kraja, captain Lefter Strugari (a lawyer), vice-lieutenant Nikolla Cheni and others. Once they entered the town, an order was issued that nobody should move because honour, freedom and property were in no way to be violated. On the afternoon, men, women and children began to be arrested, white houses began to be looted. All men were killed until the next morning. After I was detained in a jail for 4 days, I was set free to bury the dead. At the place called “Kisha e Aj Jorgjit”, I recognized five of the dead, the others could not be recognized because of the extreme tortures inflicted on the. The five victims I recognized were Met Qere, Sami Asim, Mahmut Kupi, Adem Beqiri and Haki Mile. Two days after, I was taken to “Galatajt” and then to the vicinity of Dhi miter Nikolla’s home where 8 people had been killed. I could not tell who they were for they had been mutilated beyond recognition. I saw dead bodies littering all the place.
    Sanije Bollati, after being tortured, was burnt with kerosene. This tragedy took place on Wednesday. On Firday morning, she was carried away by her mother and two other people, who covered her with a blanked to a basement by order of the monarch-fascists who prevented people from seeing her. There in the basement, she died after five days. I saw everything with my own eyes. First, I went into hiding finding shelter on a ceiling staying there for five days, then the monarch-fascists found and arrested me and after being taken to major Kranja, the latter interrogated me and then ordered that I be jailed. In the jail, I found 380 people, including womenfolk and children; 120 of them died of hunger; four persons and I were kept in the prison for 15 days and then they took us to Preveza and afterwards to Ioannina where we were detained for another 40 days. There, we were subject to unheard of tortures. We were freed when the E.A.M. forces came to the town”.
    “On the morning of the Saturday, September 1944, all the population was rounded up in front of the village mosque. The soldiers began looting the houses and raping women, girls including old women folk. Pale Çulani, 50 years old was raped, her personal belongings were taken, her hair and then her ears were cut off and finally she was shot in her garden in the vicinity of Muço’s corn field. The family of Sako Banushi from Skopjona, that is, women, men and children, had settled in our home. After raping the women whose breasts were cut off with knives, all the family was massacred. At the home of Damin Muhameti, 5 women and 3 children were shot. In the home of Fetin Muhameti, Hane Isufi and another woman were tortured and then raped. In the home of Dul Sheref, the 80 year old man Sulejman Dhrimica and his wife were beheaded.
    At the home of Mete Braho 20 people, women, children and men were burned alive. Kije Nurcia, 76 years old, was killed with a knife. I saw 30 massacred people in the vineyard of Zula and in the garden of Avdul Nurça in the house of Haxhi Latif, Haxhi Culan’s daughter was raped, while in the house of Mejdi Mete, Hava Ajshe and Nazo Arapi were raped; the latter was massacred afterwards. ”The victims and losses in human lives, according to statistics so far, during the 1944-1945 massacre against the Albanian minority in Greece reached the number of 2877: in Filat and suburbs 1286, in Gumenica and suburbs 192, in Paramithia and suburbs 673 and Margallic and Parga 620.
    That was the fate of those who failed to leave Chameria with the exception of some women who are living witnesses to the hair raising massacre in Paramithia, Parga, Spatar and Filat. What they say clearly exposes the criminal character of the barbaric acts organized by the Greek monarch-fascist reaction in Chameria. The slaughter inspired by the basest sentiments of chauvinistic and religious hatred resulted in the forcible displacement of nearly 28000 Chams people who came and found shelter in Albanian in most deplorable conditions.
    Sixty eight villages with 5,800 houses were looted, razed to the ground and burnt down. Based on the assessment of the damage, it results that 17000 sheep, 1200 cattle, 21000 quintals of wheat and 80000 quintals of edible oil including the produce of the years 1944-1945 amounting to 11,000,000 kilograms of grain and 3,000,000 kilograms of edible oil were taken away by Zervas’ monarch-fascist forces. As people were fleeing, 110,000 sheep and 2400 cattle either died or lost. All this clear evidence of the profound economic catastrophe suffered by our population which was stranded with only their clothes on. Chameria made a material and moral contribution to the great anti-fascist war.
    Chameria’s population threw itself unreservedly into a total war against the invaders; it created the fourth battalion of the ELAS regiment XV. More than 500 fighters emerged from the tiny population of Chameria.They resolutely fought against the nazi-fascist occupiers and the Ballist and Zerv ist traitors.
    The blood shed by martyrs Muhamet Murteza, Ibrahim Hallumi, Hysen Vejseli and others together with the blood shed by the Greek partisans at the Qaramica passes testify to this fact. At the end of the war for the liberation of the country from the occupier the troops commanded by general Napoleon Zervas operated in provinces and villages not as liberators, but as hangmen and sworn enemies of the Albanian element in Chameria.
    Under the Sarafis-Zervas Caserta agreement, August 1944,the resistance troops had to join the same front against the Nazi army, under a joint command in specified operational zones. The agreement was violated in Chameria.The Zervist forces compromised with the Germans and by attacking our forces hindered the activity of the fourth battalion of Regiment XV in the Filat zone. The operations and massacres in the Filat province are direcly linked with this situation and openly ran counter to mutual confidence and the spirit of cooperation as agreed in Caserta. Even the last village of Koska in Chameria, one of the bases of organization of the resistance forces of the National Liberation Front in Chameria was destroyed and burnt down as a result of destructive acts in Chameria.
    On October 30,1944, a commission of the Chams anti-fascist Council was sent to Athens to lodge a protest with the Papandreu Greek government against the massacres in Chameria, asking for an end to them. The Papandreu government refused to take any measures or commit itself to what was requested from it. After the December 1944 operations, with the liberation of Chameria from Zervist occupation, part of our population was repatriated and settled in the Filat province. On March 12,1945,the government forces of the Corfu garrison, violating the February 1945 Varkiza agreement, organized and perfidiously perpetrated the revolting massacres of Vanra (Filat), which once again laid bare the stand and policy of the Greek government authorities responsible for the annihilation of the Albanian population of Chameria. In view of the situation, the UNRRA mission (Albania) received approval from its centre in Washington to accord the Chams immigrants 1,450,000 dollars as immediate relief because of their difficult situation.
    Despite their conditions, the Chams immigrants continued to make an ever greater contribution to the Front. At the Shales (Konispol) conference held in the latter part of September,1945,the voice of the Chams in exile for cooperation against the invader and the injustices of the Greek monarch-fascist was raised higher. At the Vlora Congress on September 23,1945, the Chams delegates who represented all the groups of the Chams immigrants in Albania expressed themselves against the massacres of the Greek monarch-fascists and through memoranda to the London Conference demanded an analysis of their problem and the condemnation of those who caused the bloodshed in Chameria and their endless sufferings. The Congress adopted a resolution which sums up all its proceedings.
    During our life as immigrants, we have asked the world several times for our denied rights and repatriation. On October 30,1944, the Chams anti-fascist Council sent a note of process to the Greek National Union government, the Mediterranean General Headquarters, the allied governments, the EAM Central Committee, which referred to the atrocities of the Geek fascists in Chameria.
    On May 9,1945, the Chams Anti-fascist Council sent the Allied Military Missions a copy of the telegram to the president of the San Francisco Conference on the rights of the Chams on the basis of the Atlantic Charter. On June 27,1945, telegrams of protest against the massacres in Chameria by the Chams Anti-fascist Council were forwarded to the democratic government of Albanian, the Soviet, British, American, French, Czechoslovak military mission, the Yugoslav Legation, the Albanians in the USA, Italy and Bulgaria. An aide-memoir was sent to Mr. Hutchinson, a Labour deputy in Great Britain on November 26, 1945. A telegram was sent by the Cham Anti-fascist Council on September 25,1945 to the UNRRA headquarters asking for assistance.
    The delegates of the Chams Congress addressed a memorandum to the Allied Foreign Ministers’ Conference in London (3-4.09.1945). A memorandum was sent to the United Nations Assembly in London by the Cham Anti-fascist Committee on January 11,1945,which sheds light on the massacres and asks the recovery of the Chams’ rights. A memorandum to the United Nations Assembly in New York was sent by the Cham Anti-fascist Committee on October 25,1946, and so on.
    We are the victims of the monarchic regime which is ruling in Greece today. Together with the fraternal Greek people, we are suffering from the consequences of the black terror unleashed by them all over Greece. It is two and a half years now that we have been roaming in Albanian leading a miserable life far from our native land, at a time when our rich land is unjustly exploited by the agents of the monarch-fascists in Chameria. Our sufferings in exile have been and are boundless. Thousands of people have died because of this situation. Despite protests we have made and the rights we are entitled to, we continue to be in exile, whereas the Greek government has gone all out to establish aliens in our Chameria in order to prevent us from going back home.
    On behalf of our population, we once more ledge a protest and bring to the attention of the Investigation Commission of the United Nations Security Council the tragedy played out in Chameria and the act carried out to exterminate our population. We stress the need for a urgent settlement of the Cham problem, confident that our following demands will be met:
    1.Adoption of immediate measures to halt the settlement of aliens in our native land.
    2.Repatriation of all the Chams.
    3.Restitution of our property and remuneration of damage in liquid and fixed capital.
    4.Assistance to rebuild our home and resettlement.
    5.Sefeguards and guarantees emanating from the international treaties and mandates, such as guaranteed civil, political, cultural rights and personal safety.
    6.Trial and condemnation of all those who are responsible for the crimes they have perpetrated.
    With our highest consideration
    THE ANTI-FASCIST COMMITTEE OF THE CHAMS IMMIGRANTS
    Tirana, 1947

    Përkthyer dhe përgaditur për shtyp Isuf B. Bajrami

    July 14, 2011 at 2:03 pm

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